497 Laurier Ave #4, Milton ON

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Conditions

Treated by Dr. Leonora Ogbeide, MD CCFP

Conditions

Treated by
Dr. Leonora Ogbeide

Skin conditions

Treated in

Milton & The Greater Toronto Area

The Illustria Medical Aesthetics lotus logo in gold
Young woman touching her jaw as she suffers from TMJ pain

Medical

Snoring is a common sleep disorder characterized by noisy breathing during sleep. It occurs when the flow of air through the mouth and nose is partially obstructed, causing the tissues in the throat to vibrate.

Sleep apnea, on the other hand, is a more serious sleep disorder that occurs when breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep. It is typically caused by a complete blockage of the airway, which can lead to drops in oxygen levels in the blood and frequent awakenings throughout the night.

Common symptoms of both snoring and sleep apnea include loud or frequent snoring, gasping or choking during sleep, daytime sleepiness, headaches upon waking, and difficulty concentrating. Sleep apnea is also associated with a higher risk of health problems such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.

Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition characterized by excessive sweating, which can occur in various parts of the body such as the underarms, palms, soles of the feet, and face. This sweating can be severe enough to interfere with daily activities and social interactions.

TMJ stands for temporomandibular joint, which is the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull. TMJ disorder (TMD) refers to a group of conditions that affect this joint and the muscles and tissues that surround it.

Symptoms of TMJ disorder can include jaw pain or stiffness, clicking or popping sounds when opening or closing the mouth, difficulty chewing or biting, headaches, earaches, and facial pain. These symptoms can be caused by a variety of factors such as teeth grinding, misaligned teeth, injury or trauma to the jaw, arthritis, or stress.

A migraine is a neurological condition characterized by severe, throbbing headaches, usually on one side of the head. Migraines can also cause symptoms such as sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and vomiting, and can last for several hours or even days.

Botox (botulinum toxin) is a treatment for chronic migraines in adults who experience headaches on at least 15 days per month. Botox is thought to work by blocking the release of certain chemicals that are involved in pain signaling and reducing muscle tension in the head and neck. The pricing of Botox is based on how many units are needed for the treatment, which can vary depending on the patient.

Skin

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. It can manifest as blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, or cysts and can appear on various parts of the body, including the face, chest, and back. Acne can be caused by hormonal changes, genetics, stress, and other factors.

When acne heals, it can sometimes leave behind scars or marks on the skin. Acne scars can take several forms, including raised scars, depressed scars, or hyperpigmentation. They can be a source of self-consciousness for those who have them and can be difficult to treat.

There are several treatments available for both acne and acne scars, including, chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and laser therapy. The type of treatment used will depend on the severity of the acne and the type of scars present.

Age spots, also known as liver spots or solar lentigines, are flat, brown or black spots that often appear on areas of the skin that are frequently exposed to the sun, such as the face, hands, shoulders, and arms. Despite their name, age spots are not necessarily caused by age, and can appear in people of all ages, though they are more common in older adults.

The exact cause of age spots is not fully understood, but they are thought to be the result of long-term sun exposure, which causes the skin to produce more melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. Over time, this excess melanin can collect in certain areas of the skin, resulting in the formation of age spots.

Dermatosis Papulosa Nigra (DPN) is a skin condition characterized by the presence of multiple black or brown spots that are usually flat or slightly elevated. Although they may appear like moles or even skin tags, they are not classified as such. DPN papules are usually 1 to 5 millimeters in size and usually appear on the face, chest, neck and back.

DPN is commonly seen in people of African or Asian descent, and anyone with darker skin tones.

Melasma is a common skin condition that causes brown or gray-brown patches to appear on the face, typically on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and upper lip. The exact cause of melasma is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to hormonal changes, sun exposure, and genetics.

Melasma is more common in women, particularly during pregnancy or while taking birth control pills, as these can cause hormonal fluctuations. Sun exposure can also trigger or worsen melasma, as can certain medications and cosmetics.

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that causes patches of skin to become darker than the surrounding skin. This occurs when there is an overproduction of melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. Hyperpigmentation can affect people of all skin types and colors, and can be caused by a variety of factors.

Common types of hyperpigmentation include:

  1. Age spots or liver spots: Dark spots that appear on areas of the skin that have been exposed to the sun.

  2. Melasma: Patches of darkened skin that usually appear on the face.

  3. Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: Dark patches that develop after a skin injury, such as acne or a cut.

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes redness, inflammation, and acne-like bumps on the face, particularly on the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. It can also cause a sensation of burning or stinging on the affected areas.

The exact cause of rosacea is not fully understood, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, such as sun exposure, certain foods and drinks, stress, and changes in temperature or humidity.

Moles and skin tags are both common skin growths that are usually benign and harmless.

Moles are clusters of pigment cells that can appear anywhere on the skin. They may be flat or raised, and can range in color from pink to dark brown or black. Most moles are harmless, but some may develop into a type of skin cancer called melanoma.

Skin tags are small, soft, flesh-colored growths that hang off the skin. They are typically found in areas where skin rubs against skin, such as on the neck, underarms, or groin. Skin tags are usually harmless, but can be removed if they become bothersome or are cosmetically undesirable.

Loose skin, in the context of cosmetic treatments, refers to skin that has lost elasticity and has become saggy or wrinkled. This can occur due to a variety of factors, such as aging, weight loss, or pregnancy, and can be particularly noticeable on the face, neck, and body.

There are a variety of cosmetic treatments that can help to address loose skin, including:

  1. Ultrasound and radiofrequency treatments: These treatments use heat to stimulate collagen production and tighten the skin.

  2. Laser treatments: Laser therapy can help to tighten loose skin and improve skin texture and tone.

  3. Chemical peels: A chemical solution is applied to the skin, which causes the top layer of skin to peel off, revealing fresh, new skin underneath.

Body

Hair loss refers to the partial or complete loss of hair on the scalp or other parts of the body, while hair thinning refers to a reduction in the diameter or density of individual hair strands.

There are many factors that can contribute to hair loss and thinning, including genetics, hormonal changes, medication, illness, and nutritional deficiencies. In men, the most common form of hair loss is male pattern baldness, while women may experience hair thinning or loss due to conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thyroid disorders, or menopause.

Cellulite is a term used to describe the dimpled or lumpy appearance of the skin, especially on the thighs, hips, and buttocks. It occurs when fat deposits push through the connective tissue beneath the skin, creating a puckered or uneven surface.

Cellulite is more common in women than men, and is influenced by a variety of factors, including genetics, hormonal changes, lifestyle factors, and aging. While cellulite is not harmful or a medical condition, it can be a cosmetic concern.

Stretch marks, also known as striae, are lines or streaks that appear on the skin when it has been stretched beyond its normal capacity. They typically appear as narrow, long, and slightly depressed streaks or lines, and can be pink, red, brown, or white in color, depending on the stage of development and the individual’s skin color.

Stretch marks commonly occur during periods of rapid growth or weight gain, such as during puberty, pregnancy, or due to weight gain. 

Face

Fine lines and wrinkles are both types of skin damage that occur as we age. Fine lines are the small, shallow lines that can appear on the face as a result of repetitive facial expressions, such as smiling or squinting, or due to environmental factors like sun exposure or smoking. These lines are usually less deep than wrinkles and may not be immediately visible until the skin is stretched or contracted.

Wrinkles, on the other hand, are deeper lines or folds that form on the skin as a result of the natural aging process. They typically appear on areas of the face that are most exposed to the sun, such as the forehead, around the eyes, and around the mouth. Wrinkles can also be caused by factors such as genetics, smoking, and environmental pollutants.

Facial volume loss refers to the natural loss of fat and other tissues that occurs in the face as a result of aging. As we get older, the skin becomes thinner, and the underlying supportive tissues lose their volume and elasticity, leading to a sagging or hollowed appearance.

Facial volume loss can occur in different areas of the face, such as the cheeks, temples, jawline, and around the mouth. It can result in wrinkles, fine lines, hollows, and a tired or aged appearance. Other factors that can contribute to facial volume loss include genetics, weight loss, and environmental factors such as sun exposure and smoking.

There are various cosmetic treatments available to address facial volume loss, such as dermal fillers, which are injectable substances that can restore volume to the face and help smooth out wrinkles and fine lines.

A double chin is a condition where excess fat accumulates under the chin, causing the appearance of a second chin or a bulge in the neck area. It is also known as submental fullness.

A double chin can be caused by several factors, including genetics, weight gain, and aging. As we age, our skin loses elasticity, and the muscles in the neck weaken, which can contribute to the development of a double chin. Excess weight gain can also cause fat to accumulate in the neck area, leading to a double chin.

Fortunately, there are several cosmetic treatments available to address a double chin, including  Kybella injections, and CoolSculpting.

Illustria Medical Spa client gets microneedling treatment